Reverse osmosis systems are a great way to get clean and mineral-free drinking water. And as a company that installs reverse osmosis systems in Apple Valley and the surrounding areas, we are often asked questions about these systems, how they work and what advantages they offer.
Q: What is reverse osmosis?
Reverse osmosis (RO) is a type of water purification system.
Q: How does it work?
These types of systems force water through a semi-permeable membrane. This membrane has very tiny pores that capture minerals and other contaminants. The contaminants are separated from the water. The result is pure and clean water.
Q: Do reverse osmosis systems waste a lot of water?
No. The unit will use water to clean itself and to wash away the impurities it takes out of your home’s water. But, in general, you should not see an increase in your water bill if you aren’t using well water. The system will use the water to fill up its storage tank, and then after that it will shut off.
Q: Do these types of systems remove minerals that are essential to good health?
The minerals found in water that are removed by reverse osmosis are usually inorganic and difficult for your body to process and use. There are better and more effective ways to get the minerals your body needs. For example, through food or vitamin supplements.
Q: Can reverse osmosis systems increase my electric bill?
No. Reverse osmosis systems use water pressure to run. There are some extra parts you could add on that would use electricity, but most reverse osmosis systems do not require them.
Q: What types of contaminants do reverse osmosis systems remove?
These systems remove contaminants like aluminum, chlorine, copper, cyanide, fluoride, silver, radon, nitrates, sodium and more.
Q: What is Nitrate?
Nitrate is a form of nitrogen. It is a natural part of soil and groundwater. The use of fertilizer, manure, and sewage seeping into the ground can cause elevated nitrate levels in groundwater. Some levels exceed the EPA drinking water standard. You should have your well tested for nitrate to know what the level is in the water you drink, especially if you live in a rural area, or take your water from a private well. Nitrate is a concern because too much nitrate in your body makes it harder for red blood cells to carry oxygen. This can be dangerous for infants and some adults. Infants exposed to too much nitrate can develop “blue baby syndrome”, that is rare, but fatal. The maximum EPA level is 10 mg/l. Many water filters do not reduce nitrate. Your water professionals at Haferman water can help you with water testing, and recommend a system that is certified to reduce nitrate levels.
Q: What do I do if I have elevated arsenic levels in my drinking water?
Arsenic is a notoriously poisonous metalloid with many allotropic forms. Arsenic is found naturally in the ground, as well as in pesticides, herbicides, insecticides, and various alloys.
If you are concerned, or have been notified, that your water may contain elevated arsenic levels, then you should probably have your water tested. The EPA maximum health standard for arsenic is 10 micrograms per liter. There are several methods of reducing arsenic. Some will reduce for the whole house, and some for a single tap, for example, a tap at the kitchen sink. The purchase and installation of treatment equipment to reduce arsenic is a choice you need to make. But your Haferman Water professional can help guide you through the process with straight-forward, informed answers; a written price quote for the equipment and installation; and an explanation of future maintenance.
Q: What do I need to do to maintain my reverse osmosis system?
The main task you need to do to keep your reverse osmosis system up and running is to regularly change the filters. This should happen every six months or so, depending on the type of system you have installed or depending on what your water is like. The membrane in the unit should last you a couple of years though.
Are you interested in learning more about reverse osmosis systems in Apple Valley? Call Haferman Water Conditioning at 952-894-4040 or contact us and get a Free Water Analysis and Estimate.